Checkering is a particular and oldstyle art of functional decorating of gunstock and different types of handles. In most common way Checkering are group of rows of paralle and cross grooves at a given angle to form little diamond shapes. In some English literature, checkering is often spelled as 'chequering'.

The particular function of checkering is to give the shooter more grip on the stock especially in bad weather when stock is wet, greasy or when the palms are too sweaty during a shooting. Second and may be most important aspect of checkering is decoration rifle or any othe object. Checkering very effectively emphasizes the shape and grace of the handles lines. And to be clear, checkers are not really necessary on most gunstocks.

In current form checkering occurred about 150 years ago. It's not mean that there is no checkering before that days, but patterns and ways of application were usually different from now days.

Gunstock checkers can be made in several ways with different patterns. Most known techniques are pointed (like diamonds), flattop and semi flattop checkering. Another variety is French checkering, also known as skip line or even a Scottish checkering . In this technique lines are just skipped at some regular interval creating a square pattern similar to tartan ornament.

Pointed checkering

This is the most common type of checkering. In this type of checkering grooves are cut under a 90 degree angle (sometimes 60 degree).
Those checkers are sharp and highly pointed like a diamonds. That give handles a good grip and make grooves are self cleaning due to the open angle.
This type of checkering can be a bit to sharp for long shooting sessions or for heavy recoiling guns.
In area with checker pattern the wood texture may be not so visible depending upon the coarseness and quality of the checkering job and of course the type of wood itself.

You can find tools for cutting pointed checkering in our catalog. Watch for angles mark.

90 degrees checkering tool point top checkering 90 degree checkering bit

Flat-top checkering ( English type)

The grooves are just not have points on top, so it are flat. This is deep grooves with parallel walls cut in the wood. You can seen this type of checkering on older English guns. Disadvantage of this pattern is that the grooves easily fill up with debris making it useless. Also it not sharp so it does not offer good grip.

Other side is checkers of this type not obstruct the nature beaty of wood. It is more comfortable for heavy recoiling guns and for continuous shooting sessions.

Flat-top checkering can be easily converted into pointed checkering by recutting the grooves with an angled cutter. But they are loose it Englishness and it may ruine beaty of wood texture.

Now day, toolworks Petrgrad does not produce gouges for flat-top checkering.

flat top checkering

Semi flat-top checkering

Cutting grooves with 60 degree gouges you will have ornament somewhere in between of pointed and flat one. This type grooves are shallow so that there are no pointed tops. Semi flat-top checkers is often imitate English flat-top checkering. The grooves are trying to eliminate disadvantage of flat-top checkers by making it less prone to clogging.

The pattern is of the fill in type as can be seen by the border line that does not run parallel with the checkering.

checkering tool 60 degrees semi flat checkering checkering tool bit 60 degrees

Checkering patterns

All checkered lines together form a pattern. There are several different patterns are possible. Usually the edges of the checkering are defined by borders of ornament or object itself . Sometimes no borders are present. The borders are formed by the lines of stops of checkering or a very thin cutted line. This technique is called borderless checkering.

Fill in pattern

First off the outline border is cut into the wood. The space within is filled up with checkering pattern. This patterns may look a lot like angular patterns, but the difference easily can be seen, the outline border (frame) does not run parallel with the checkering lines.

Here is an example of a fill in semi flat-top pattern on left picture. On a right picture is a layout tool for marking grooves paralell to the shape of handle or gunstock.

semi flat checkering checkering layout tool

Fancy checkering

Some americans are absolute masters when it comes to checkering some of the intriguing and most difficult patterns. Occasionally, fancy checkering is seen on expensive European guns.

On the picture of a exceptionally beautiful Parker shotgun you can see some kind of wavy patern. Made in the days when labour was relatively cheap and people still had the patience to spend countless hours on the perfect execution of very complex checkering patterns.

European way to approach checkering was a lot more practical. Simple and angular patterns being the norm on even the most expensive guns. Under influence of American examples, Europeans have started to put more emphasis on the design and execution of the checkering panels.

fancy checkering

Angular pattern

This is one of a challenging way of checkering cause the border lines are formed by the checkering itself. Most challenging is that checkering lines are should run perfectly parallel to the border grooves. A lot of care must be taken to be sure that the angles are respected. If the angles are cut right, regular diamonds are formed with their tips nicely aligned, defining the outline of the pattern.

This type of checkering is usually seen on the better grade of gun stocks. Usually all best stocks have angular pattern checkering.

The example on the right shows a point type checkering and you can see the borders run exactly parallel with the lines of the checkering making it an angular pattern.

angular checkering patern checkering gauge angular checkering patern

Wrap around pattern

These patterns can either be of the fill in or angular type. Wrap around simply means that the checkering extends from one side of the stock to the other.

The photo on the right shows a wrap around, angular pattern. The checkering is pointed checkering at 20 lines to the inch.

checkering wrap around the gunstock Checkering tools set

Checkering in progress

На фото слева можно увидеть, как чекеринг наносится на деревянную поверхность. Сначала наносится базовая линия, а затем нарезаются параллельные ей насечки.После нанесения линий, они будут углублены отдельным резцом. Более подробно можно посмотреть в видео ниже. В материале используются современные резцы для чекеринга от фабрики Петроградъ.

On the picture you can see process of checkering applied to a wooden panel. First off the master lines are cut and then it duplicated with parallel lines. After that grooves will be deepened with a cutter. More detailed you can watch this process in video. In this materials was used checkering tools by Petrograd toolworks.

 

 checkering making in progress

Fish scale checkering

Anoher fancy type of checkering is fish scale checkering. It is a completely different technique. Actually, it is more of a carving technique since special gauges are used.
This type of checkering quite popular in German speaking countries, but you unlikely have seen this technique being used in Britain or America.
This checkering technique is very time consuming and during cutting one most be very concentrated to prevent the scales from breaking out.
Fish scales checkers provide very good grip to the shooters hand and can be used to emphasize the beauty of the stock. However, it takes some getting used to at first.

fish checkering on gunstock fish checkering on gunstock

That's all on that. Thanks for your attention. You can find checkering tools for cutting pointed checkering in our catalog.

Spoon knife, PETROGRAD, type 1, D 27mm, right-handed

Ложкорез ПЕТРОГРАДЪ
Основное назначение этого инструмента можно понять из его названия. Ложкорез служит для выборки лунки в деревянной ложке (черпало) , а также для других аналогичных работ.
Данная модель отличается от наших предшествующих. Внесены изменения, которые положительно повлияли на качество работы.
Ширина клинка - 8мм, внутренний радиус кольца - 15мм. Наружняя сторона кольца имеет выпуклую линзообразную форму и заполирована, что в совокупности с малой шириной клинка позволяет чисто и плавно резать древесину без задиров и ступенек.
Полная длина ложкореза - 175 мм, длина рукояти - 130 мм
Выполнен из стали 9ХС, закален до твёрдости 58-60HRC.
Удобная эргономичная овальная рукоять ложкореза выполнена из клёна и пропитана маслом.
Все ножи-ложкорезы заточены, доведены и полностью готовы к работе.
Правый ложкорез предназначен для работы правой рукой на себя, левый - левой рукой на себя.
Нож-ложкорез для резьбы деревянных ложек изготовлен на фабрике столярных и плотницких инструментов ПЕТРОГРАДЪ. 
(Производство - Россия)

Для выбора и заказа правого или левого ножа нажмите на название товара
2600p
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Bench Chisel, PETROGRAD, model Istra short, 50mm

Forged carpentry short chisels Istra with a straight cutting edge and a wooden handle, has designed for hard work. The basis for the manufacture of chisels Istra was taken the form of old Russian chisels from the old tools museum Rubankov, and also takes into account long-term experience in the development of professional carpentry and carpentry tools of other toolworks.

The blade has forged manually from steel ШХ15 (USA analog is 52100, G52986, J19965; Germany  analog of 1.3505, 100Cr6, 102Cr6) and hardened to 58-61 HRC. Carpentry chisels are intended for timber framing for processing deep grooves in logs and timber as an indispensable tool for the construction of frame structures in the style of timber frame, post-and-beam half-timbered, fachwerkhaus, Log house.

  • Chisel blade fastened to the handle with a conical socket.
  • The thickness of the blade at the neck is 11 mm, the thickness in the area of the descent is 7 mm.
  • The handles are made of ash and crimped with a stainless ring to harden the butt when working with a mallet or hammer.
  • Available in widths of 19 mm, 25 mm, 38 mm, 40 mm and 50 mm ( see full catalogue).
  • Blade length 300 mm, full length 410 mm.
  • The wedge-shaped blade prevents jamming in the wood.

Carpentry chisels Istra are totally hand made at PETROGRAD toolworks of joinery and carpentry tools. Made in Saint-Petersburg Russia.

8200p
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Sharpening stone PETROGRAD, 200*70*20mm, 4000 grit

Water stones. Grain size: 150, 360, 500, 1000, 1500, 2000 and 4000 grit. Size 200*70*20mm. Abrasive grain - silicon carbide. Bundle - ceramics. Hardness I ensures minimal wear of the stone during operation. When sharpening does not overheat the steel. Does not require the use of oil. Soak in water for 2-10 minutes before use. Designed for sharpening steels and hard alloys. Made in Russia.

 

3440p
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Outdoor axe PETROGRAD, model Roslavl VII, curved handle

Hand forged outdoor axe Roslavl VII with curved handle.

  • Total lenght is 370mm ( 14,57inch )
  • Height of axe is 140mm ( 5,51inch )
  • Lenght of cutting edge is 120mm ( 4,72inch )
  • Axe is hand forged from 65G steel (Germany 66Mn4, Ck67, USA 1066).
  • Curved cutting edge was straight sharpened.
  • Total weight of axe is 0,7kg  ( ± 0,05kg )
  • Handle lenght is 320mm ( 12,6inch) and it is made from solid mapple with right grain position.
  • The axe comes with leather case for protecting cutting edge.

Axe is well balanced and would be a good choice for a lot types of work. It will be great as outdoor axe, for small carpentry and othe woodwork projects. This is kind of universal axe for everyone.

Axe Roslavl VII produced by Petrograd toolworks in Saint Petersburg Russia.

10000p
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Checkering set, type N3, 90°/18lines, 10 tools + gauge, in roll bag

Set N3 (90 degrees, 18 lines) includes 10 tools  for making checkers on wood.

Gouges for making checkers. Checkering is a type of woodcarving and decorating handles of knives, rifles. This gouges was based on our expirience of use the variety of worldwide know gouges. Model line includes all base gouges from 16 to 32 lines per inch with angles about 60 and 90 dergrees. All gouges blades can be replaced on new ones and can be purchased separately.

Set number 3 includes:

gouge B-2 ( two cutting edges, spacer with tooths )
gouge S-1 ( one cutting edge )
gouge N2-18, 90° ( two cutting edges )
gouge N3-18, 90° ( right router, left cutting edges )
gouge N4-18, 90° ( left router, right cutting edges )
gouge C-1, 90° ( one cutting edge )
gouge L- 9, 90° ( right router with wide space, left cutting edge )
gouge R- 9, 90° ( left router with wide space, right cutting edge )
gouge for corners 90° (or Carving chisel, PETROGRAD, V-type, 90 degrees)
gouge for marking rifle handles
checkering guage
roll bag for carving tools model N1 ( 12 pockets )

1. Checkering tool S-1 has 1 pyramidal tooth. Angle of the top is 90 degrees. The cutter has a convenient beech handle and a rod with a sharp bend perpendicular to the cutting axis and the working part installed on it. All the cutters are made of steel, undergone the process of hardening and processing, for long and reliable work.
It is V-shaped with teeth on both sides. Designed to handle corners and bends, as well as hard-to-reach places.
Pay attention to the high relief, providing fast and smooth cutting. The tines provide good removal of all hardwoods.
The cutter has not matter what cutting - deep or shallow grooves, right or rounded corners, parallel lines or cross-hatching, in the direction of the fiber or across. No need to re-do the pass to treat uneven areas. Every element is smooth and beautiful.
The width of the working part is 5 mm, the length of the working part is 5 mm, the apex angle is 90 °

2. Checkering tool N2-18. Both sides with 18 teeth per inch. Used for the application of grooves and their deepening after application. One blade runs along the guideline, while the other marks the next groove. When moving to the next groove, the tool deepens it and again applies the next groove. Cutter 2 It is a combination of tools for expanding and deepening grooves. Beech handle. All the cutters are made of steel, underwent a process of hardening and processing, for long and reliable work.

3. Checkering tool B-2, is a 2 conical cutter with a working angle of 90 degrees, separated by a wide groove with teeth. A tool for making the roller around the notch. Pay attention to the high relief, providing fast and smooth cutting. The tines provide good removal of all hardwoods.A cutter is just the same as cutting deep or shallow grooves, right or rounded corners, parallel lines or cross-hatching, in the direction of the fiber or across. No need to re-do the pass to treat uneven areas. Smoothly each groove is obtained. Maximum roller height 1 mm, width 2.5 mm

4. Checkering tools from series N3, have two sides: the right side is smooth, used as a guide, the left - with 18 teeth per inch. All the cutters are made of steel, underwent a process of hardening and processing, for long and reliable work. The right blade is devoid of teeth, has a sharp and smooth shape, and exactly follows along the guide line. The left blade has teeth and cuts a new groove during the process of notching from right to left. Thus, it is possible to apply a notch, using the previous groove, as a guide. Beech handle.

5. Checkering tools from series N4 have two sides: the right side with 18 teeth per inch, the left - smooth, is used as a guide. All the cutters are made of steel, underwent a process of hardening and processing, for long and reliable work. The left blade is devoid of teeth, has a sharp and smooth shape, and exactly follows along the guide line. The right blade has teeth and cuts a new groove during the process of notching from left to right. Thus, it is possible to apply a notch, using the previous groove, as a guide. Beech handle

6. Checkering tool C-1 has 1 pyramidal tooth. Angle top 90 degrees. All the cutters are made of steel, undergone the process of hardening and processing, for long and reliable work. It is V-shaped with teeth on both sides. Checkering tool C-1 is designed for applying the original layout of the picture, as well as for deepening the grooves after their application, with other cutters. The wooden handle is made of beech, well balanced and lies comfortably in your hand. Pay attention to the high relief, providing fast and smooth cutting. The tines provide good removal of all hardwoods. The cutter doesnt look like cutting - deep or shallow grooves, right or rounded corners, parallel lines or cross-hatching, in the direction of the fiber or across. No need to re-do the pass to treat uneven areas. Equal each element is obtained. The width of the working part is 5 mm, the length of the working part is 11 mm, the apex angle 90 degrees

Totally hand made by PETROGRAD-TOOLS factory of joinery and carpentry tools. Made in Russia.

12630p
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Sharpening stone PETROGRAD, 200*70*20mm, 6000 grit

Water stones. Grain size: 3000 and 6000 grit. Size 200*70*20mm. Abrasive grain - silicon carbide. Bundle - ceramics. Hardness I ensures minimal wear of the stone during operation. When sharpening does not overheat the steel. Does not require the use of oil. Soak in water for 2-10 minutes before use. Designed for sharpening steels and hard alloys. Made in Japan.

 

4180p
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Sharpening stone PETROGRAD, 200*70*20mm, 2000 grit

Water stone. 2000 grit. Size 200*70*20mm. Abrasive grain - silicon carbide. Bundle - ceramics. Hardness I ensures minimal wear of the stone during operation. When sharpening does not overheat the steel. Does not require the use of oil. Soak in water for 2-10 minutes before use. Used for sharpening and setting bevels.

High sharpening performance, second only to diamond, is ensured by the use of silicon carbide abrasive grains, which are notable for their sharpness and brittleness. The high hardness of carbide-silicon grinding materials allows you to confidently process not only carbon steels, but also hard alloys, which is impossible on stones made of electro-alumina powders. In addition to performance, it is worth noting the extraordinary tactile sensations when sharpening a tool. Stones quickly give a slurry and produce a very pleasant sound.

Water stones PETROGRAD are distinguished by high performance and geometry in a state of delivery.
In the characteristic of a water stone are specified: the first letter - hardness (I, J - soft, K - average); Japanese grain size according to JIS R6001-1987 is 150 (80 microns), 360 (34 microns), 500 (24 microns), 1000 (12 microns), 2000 (6 microns) and C is silicon carbide.

Comparison of FEPA, JIS and GOST standards:

2560p
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Sharpening stone PETROGRAD, 200*70*20mm, 120 grit

Abrasive water stones. Grit: 120, 150, 360, 500, 800, 1000,1500, 2000 and 4000 grit. Size 200x70x20mm. The abrasive grain is silicon carbide. Bond - ceramics. Hardness I ensures minimal wear of the stone during work. Steel does not overheat when sharpening. Does not require oil. Soak in water for 2-10 minutes before use. Designed for sharpening steels and hard alloys. Manufactured in Russia.

1800p
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new

Axe Anika, model Tomohawk

Топор Аника, Томагавк, с чехлом. Ультра-легкий топор Томагавк с обухом-молотком. Идеальный инструмент для передвижений налегке и хозяйственной деятельности в лесу. Заточка с микроподводом для работ по сухой и сырой древесине. Вес головы — около 600 грамм. Вес топора — около 800 грамм. Общая длина — 400-450 мм.
7900p
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