Checkering is a particular and oldstyle art of functional decorating of gunstock and different types of handles. In most common way Checkering are group of rows of paralle and cross grooves at a given angle to form little diamond shapes. In some English literature, checkering is often spelled as 'chequering'.

The particular function of checkering is to give the shooter more grip on the stock especially in bad weather when stock is wet, greasy or when the palms are too sweaty during a shooting. Second and may be most important aspect of checkering is decoration rifle or any othe object. Checkering very effectively emphasizes the shape and grace of the handles lines. And to be clear, checkers are not really necessary on most gunstocks.

In current form checkering occurred about 150 years ago. It's not mean that there is no checkering before that days, but patterns and ways of application were usually different from now days.

Gunstock checkers can be made in several ways with different patterns. Most known techniques are pointed (like diamonds), flattop and semi flattop checkering. Another variety is French checkering, also known as skip line or even a Scottish checkering . In this technique lines are just skipped at some regular interval creating a square pattern similar to tartan ornament.

Pointed checkering

This is the most common type of checkering. In this type of checkering grooves are cut under a 90 degree angle (sometimes 60 degree).
Those checkers are sharp and highly pointed like a diamonds. That give handles a good grip and make grooves are self cleaning due to the open angle.
This type of checkering can be a bit to sharp for long shooting sessions or for heavy recoiling guns.
In area with checker pattern the wood texture may be not so visible depending upon the coarseness and quality of the checkering job and of course the type of wood itself.

You can find tools for cutting pointed checkering in our catalog. Watch for angles mark.

90 degrees checkering tool point top checkering 90 degree checkering bit

Flat-top checkering ( English type)

The grooves are just not have points on top, so it are flat. This is deep grooves with parallel walls cut in the wood. You can seen this type of checkering on older English guns. Disadvantage of this pattern is that the grooves easily fill up with debris making it useless. Also it not sharp so it does not offer good grip.

Other side is checkers of this type not obstruct the nature beaty of wood. It is more comfortable for heavy recoiling guns and for continuous shooting sessions.

Flat-top checkering can be easily converted into pointed checkering by recutting the grooves with an angled cutter. But they are loose it Englishness and it may ruine beaty of wood texture.

Now day, toolworks Petrgrad does not produce gouges for flat-top checkering.

flat top checkering

Semi flat-top checkering

Cutting grooves with 60 degree gouges you will have ornament somewhere in between of pointed and flat one. This type grooves are shallow so that there are no pointed tops. Semi flat-top checkers is often imitate English flat-top checkering. The grooves are trying to eliminate disadvantage of flat-top checkers by making it less prone to clogging.

The pattern is of the fill in type as can be seen by the border line that does not run parallel with the checkering.

checkering tool 60 degrees semi flat checkering checkering tool bit 60 degrees

Checkering patterns

All checkered lines together form a pattern. There are several different patterns are possible. Usually the edges of the checkering are defined by borders of ornament or object itself . Sometimes no borders are present. The borders are formed by the lines of stops of checkering or a very thin cutted line. This technique is called borderless checkering.

Fill in pattern

First off the outline border is cut into the wood. The space within is filled up with checkering pattern. This patterns may look a lot like angular patterns, but the difference easily can be seen, the outline border (frame) does not run parallel with the checkering lines.

Here is an example of a fill in semi flat-top pattern on left picture. On a right picture is a layout tool for marking grooves paralell to the shape of handle or gunstock.

semi flat checkering checkering layout tool

Fancy checkering

Some americans are absolute masters when it comes to checkering some of the intriguing and most difficult patterns. Occasionally, fancy checkering is seen on expensive European guns.

On the picture of a exceptionally beautiful Parker shotgun you can see some kind of wavy patern. Made in the days when labour was relatively cheap and people still had the patience to spend countless hours on the perfect execution of very complex checkering patterns.

European way to approach checkering was a lot more practical. Simple and angular patterns being the norm on even the most expensive guns. Under influence of American examples, Europeans have started to put more emphasis on the design and execution of the checkering panels.

fancy checkering

Angular pattern

This is one of a challenging way of checkering cause the border lines are formed by the checkering itself. Most challenging is that checkering lines are should run perfectly parallel to the border grooves. A lot of care must be taken to be sure that the angles are respected. If the angles are cut right, regular diamonds are formed with their tips nicely aligned, defining the outline of the pattern.

This type of checkering is usually seen on the better grade of gun stocks. Usually all best stocks have angular pattern checkering.

The example on the right shows a point type checkering and you can see the borders run exactly parallel with the lines of the checkering making it an angular pattern.

angular checkering patern checkering gauge angular checkering patern

Wrap around pattern

These patterns can either be of the fill in or angular type. Wrap around simply means that the checkering extends from one side of the stock to the other.

The photo on the right shows a wrap around, angular pattern. The checkering is pointed checkering at 20 lines to the inch.

checkering wrap around the gunstock Checkering tools set

Checkering in progress

На фото слева можно увидеть, как чекеринг наносится на деревянную поверхность. Сначала наносится базовая линия, а затем нарезаются параллельные ей насечки.После нанесения линий, они будут углублены отдельным резцом. Более подробно можно посмотреть в видео ниже. В материале используются современные резцы для чекеринга от фабрики Петроградъ.

On the picture you can see process of checkering applied to a wooden panel. First off the master lines are cut and then it duplicated with parallel lines. After that grooves will be deepened with a cutter. More detailed you can watch this process in video. In this materials was used checkering tools by Petrograd toolworks.

 

 checkering making in progress

Fish scale checkering

Anoher fancy type of checkering is fish scale checkering. It is a completely different technique. Actually, it is more of a carving technique since special gauges are used.
This type of checkering quite popular in German speaking countries, but you unlikely have seen this technique being used in Britain or America.
This checkering technique is very time consuming and during cutting one most be very concentrated to prevent the scales from breaking out.
Fish scales checkers provide very good grip to the shooters hand and can be used to emphasize the beauty of the stock. However, it takes some getting used to at first.

fish checkering on gunstock fish checkering on gunstock

That's all on that. Thanks for your attention. You can find checkering tools for cutting pointed checkering in our catalog.

Set of bench chisels PETROGRAD. The length of the blade - from 120mm to 160mm; width - 8mm, 10mm, 16mm, 32mm. Overall length - from 250mm to 295mm.These chisels have a classic design with blades that are bevel-edged to a narrow land on each side, providing excellent clearance when trimming into an angled corner such as in dovetail work, as well as reducing sidewall friction when working in a tight recess. Chisels are made focusing on the experience of old masters of woodworking. The blade is made of high-alloyed chrome-manganese steel and hardened to 60HRc. Comfortable hornbeam handle. The handle at the junction with the blade reinforced brass ring with leather gasket. 

5 770p

This tool roll is designed to store short chisels and knives in an amount of up to 6 pieces. The bag is made of black cotton fabric. The maximum tool length is 180 mm. The length of the tool roll in expanded form -360mm. Compartment for chisels has a strap - to close the cutting part of the knives. Lacing is provided for fixing the twist bag. Made in Russia.

500p
%

Water stones. Grain size: 150, 360, 500, 1000, 1500 and 2000. Size 15х15х120mm. Abrasive grain - silicon carbide. Bundle - ceramics. Hardness I ensures minimal wear of the stone during operation. When sharpening does not overheat the steel. Does not require the use of oil. Soak in water for 2-10 minutes before use. Designed for sharpening steels and hard alloys. Made in Russia.

To select and order an abrasive stone of desired grain size, click on the name of the product.

450p
%

Water stones. Grain size: 150, 360, 500, 1000, 1500 and 2000. Size 15х15х120mm. Abrasive grain - silicon carbide. Bundle - ceramics. Hardness I ensures minimal wear of the stone during operation. When sharpening does not overheat the steel. Does not require the use of oil. Soak in water for 2-10 minutes before use. Designed for sharpening steels and hard alloys. Made in Russia.

To select and order an abrasive stone of desired grain size, click on the name of the product.

520p
%

Water stones. Grain size: 150, 360, 500, 1000, 1500 and 2000. Size 15х15х120mm. Abrasive grain - silicon carbide. Bundle - ceramics. Hardness I ensures minimal wear of the stone during operation. When sharpening does not overheat the steel. Does not require the use of oil. Soak in water for 2-10 minutes before use. Designed for sharpening steels and hard alloys. Made in Russia.

 

540p

Traditional wooden plane. The shoe is made of maple with brass insert for reliable fixation of the blade, the sole is made of hornbeam. The wedge is also made of maple, easy to install and remove. The installation angle of the blade is 50 °.

The plane blade is made of steel 9ХС (DIN - 150Cr14). Hardened to 59-61 HRC. Dimensions: total length 175 mm, width 60 mm, thickness minimum 3.5 mm, thickness maximum 5 mm.
All blades are wedge-shaped with a wedge angle of 0.5 degrees, which favorably distinguishes them from others, and are ideally suited for wooden planes with wedge fixation.
Blades have two sides - one is hard, the other is soft (production feature)
Absolutely every blade is tested with a hardness tester.
The solid side has 2 points from the diamond cone - the test, and the control test.

The manufacturer reserves the right to change the thickness and appearance of the knife without degrading the working qualities of the tool.

Totally hand made at PETROGRAD factory of joinery and carpentry tools. Made in Russia.

 

7 000p

Classy axe for cutting meat. Forged tempered blade has a hardness of 58-60HRc. The axe is made of 9XC (DIN - 150Cr14) alloyed tool steel. Half round cutting edge. Sharpening 30 degrees. The axe handle is made of maple wood, covered with tung oil and has a curved finish.Fixed to the cross with two wooden wedges. Comes with a leather case with a fixation on the buttons.

The width of the forging is 220 mm, the ax handle is 370 mm long, the total length is 450 mm, and the weight is 2000 g.

Totally hand made at PETROGRAD factory of joinery and carpentry tools.

Made in Russia.

12 000p

Forged chisels PETROGRAD Istra with a straight cutting edge and a wooden handle is designed for hard work. The basis for the manufacture of chisels Istra was taken the form of old Russian chisels from the museum rubankov.net, and also takes into account the company's long-term experience in the development of professional carpentry and carpentry tools Barr Specialty Tools. The blade is forged manually from steel ШХ15 (USA 52100, G52986, J19965; Germany 1.3505, 100Cr6, 102Cr6) and hardened to  55 ... 58 HRC. They are intended for processing deep grooves in logs and timber as an indispensable tool for the construction of frame structures in the style of timber frame, post-and-beam half-timbered, fachwerkhaus, Log house. Fastening to the handle with a conical socket. The thickness of the blade at the neck is 11 mm, the thickness in the area of the descent is 7 mm. The handles are made of ash and crimped with a stainless ring to harden the butt when working with a mallet or hammer. Available in widths of 25 mm, 38 mm, 40 mm and 50 mm. Blade length 200-250 mm, full length 320 mm. The wedge-shaped blade prevents jamming in the wood.

Totally hand made at PETROGRAD factory of joinery and carpentry tools. Made in Russia.

6 800p

The blade for wooden planes. Ьade of steel 9HS (DIN - 150Cr14), hardened to 59-61 HRC. It has dimensions: total length 175 mm, width 65 mm, thickness minimum 3.5 mm, thickness maximum 5 mm.
All blades are wedge-shaped with a wedge angle of 0.5 degrees, which favorably distinguishes from others, and is ideal for wooden planes with wedge fixation.
Blades have two sides - one hard, one soft (production feature)
Absolutely every blade is tested with a hardness tester.
The solid side has 2 points from the diamond cone - the test, and the control test.

Totally hand made at PETROGRAD factory of joinery and carpentry tools. Made in Russia.

1 200p

Rezchitsky fingertip, PETROGRAD. Designed to protect hands from mechanical damage. Protects your fingers from cuts when moving the cutting tool towards you, and prevents the formation of calluses when working away from yourself. It has a special ring that prevents it from slipping during operation. The thimble is made of 2mm soft leather, which provides good protection for the toe.

Production - factory of joinery and carpentry tools PETROGRAD.
Made in Russia.

500p